Case studies are often spread across all disciplines but are mainly in business related courses. As a student, it is your duty to find out the main reason and purpose for writing case studies. Case studies are meant to provide a more in-depth analysis on a situation or a case that will enhance the reader’s understanding of the topic. In business related courses, case studies are mainly based on company analysis. In a course such a political science, a case study would mainly involve analyzing a country, a government or a specific arm of the government to understand its operations. The common feature about most case studies is that they are analytical pieces. An outstanding factor regarding case studies compared to other types of essays is that they involve heavy research and analysis since in most cases, case study questions require you to solve one of the problem that exist in your analysis be it a government, company or a process. The first step when writing a case study is determining what your case will be all about. If you are given specific instructions to write about, make sure you do exactly that.
Researching on a particular topic can be done either physically or on the internet. If you are writing about a company say British Petroleum or McDonalds, most of the information about these companies would be available online. Make notes about your references sources while at the same time noting down the reference source as this will come in handy when you are writing your citations. Think of a particular problem of investigation. When writing about say British Petroleum, it would be ambiguous to just analyze the whole company as this may be construed as company analysis. Look for a specific issue such as the recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and the effect on the company’s image the spill hard. When completing your case study, be sure to offer recommendations. When writing a case study, you should include opinion from various stakeholders in the industry or the case you are analyzing. This will reinforce your argument and cast a positive aspersion on the results and the recommendations of your case.
A case study should have an introduction, body and conclusion. The introduction to a case study states and details the problem. In this section, always state the specific problem your are analyzing. This should help your reader understand the specific issue that is your ‘case’. After the introduction of your case, the next chapter is writing the body of your case study which basically entails giving in details your case study. Include all the important details such as the occurrence, date, venue etc. If it’s a company, state the location, processes and the specific ‘case’ of study. You must also convince the reader under this section that the case of your choice is way a greater problem that any other.
In the last section that is the conclusion, offer some solution to your case as well as well as make your closing statement. You cannot have a case study which is often analyzing a particular problem and fail to have a solution. When you write a case study and fail to give some solution to the problem, you often leave the reader speculating and the reader may ultimately have a different opinion regarding your case study.